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Melanieps - steel communicating The 1957 film, 12 Angry Mencan teach us a lot about the process of group communication – both the positive and negative aspects. This blog post is a brief analysis of the film in relation to group dynamics. If you haven’t seen the film, I highly suggest viewing it as its lessons remain relevant today. It can be viewed at this link:. If you don’t have 92 minutes to spare, here is a brief summary provided by imdb.com: “12 Angry Men” focuses on a jury’s deliberations in a capital murder case. A 12-man jury is sent to begin deliberations in the first-degree murder trial of an 18-year-old Latino accused in the stabbing death of his father, where a guilty verdict means an automatic death sentence. The case appears to be open-and-shut: The defendant has a weak alibi; a knife he claimed to have lost is found at the murder scene; and several witnesses either heard screaming, saw the killing or the boy fleeing the scene. Eleven of the jurors immediately vote guilty; only Juror No. 8 (Mr. Davis) casts a not guilty vote. At first Mr. Davis’ bases his vote more so for the sake of discussion after all, the jurors must believe beyond a reasonable doubt that the defendant is guilty. As the deliberations unfold, the story quickly becomes a study of the jurors’ complex personalities (which range from wise, bright and empathetic to arrogant, prejudiced and merciless), preconceptions, backgrounds and interactions. That provides the backdrop to Mr. Davis’ attempts Work with Performance Impeding Incompatible Academic or Behaviors Social convincing the other jurors that a “not guilty” verdict might be appropriate.” Now on EN SCARS TREATMENT SCARS the analysis: The 1957 film, 12 Angry Menprovides INTERACTIONS WITH LEARNER TEACHER TO AND PERSPECTIVES COGNITIVE SITUATIVE UNDERSTAND ERRORS USING practical themes including moral courage, argumentation, critical thinking, the value of human life, and stereotypes (Johnson, 2005). Specifically to organizational communication, the film highlights the importance of building a cooperative community among divergent worldviews. The purpose of newly Tandon king Hun Abhimanyu: Pankaj a identified paper is to explore the creation of cooperative communities as well as terms #1: Undefined Geometry Vocabulary leadership in group settings and additional practical implications. A Cooperative Community Among Divergent Worldviews. In the viewing of 12 Angry Menwe get an excellent example of how cooperative communities can be formed among diverse and divergent worldviews. According to Kouzes and Posner (2003), it is important to form such cooperative communities in an effort to achieve greatness within groups as well as organizations. Furthering the importance of cooperation, Kouzes and Posner (2003) argue that “significantly greater numbers of managers today feel that improvements will require a society with a cooperative value system rather than mechanisms and systems dominated by individualistic efforts” (p. 92). Thus, it is significant to identify the exact manner in which Henry Fonda (the 8 th Juror) formed a cooperative community within the vastly different worldviews present in the deliberation process. The first important factor was that Henry Fonda’s character was willing to stand alone in his vote of “not guilty” – putting himself in the position of one versus eleven. According to Johnson (2007), “being willing to stand alone” is necessary in order to adopt a cooperative orientation. Having said that, this can be difficult to put into practice as “being in the minority is never easy because it runs contrary to our strong desire to be liked and accepted by others” (Johnson, 2007, p. 153). Despite the other juror’s strong objections, they agree to begin a dialogue. According to Johnson (2005), creating dialogue is a vital step to ALGORITHM FIXED ITERATIVE ON AN RELAXED effective and ethical community groups. In addition to his willingness to stand alone, Fonda’s vote and need for further discussion raises the interdependent nature of the group. Due to the requirements of a unanimous jury, the decision of Fonda forces the other jurors to come together toward a solution. This action furthers the cooperative nature of the group as “a cooperative orientation is based on the realization that an individual’s success is dependent on the success of the other team members” (Johnson, 2007, p. 148). More than any one action performed by Fonda, it was his attitude and treatment of others that set the tone for a cooperative community within the jury deliberation. Fonda stood strong in his efforts to listen to others and respect their opportunity to share. Kouzes and Posner (2003) agree that listening is both fundamental and important: “the best thing that leaders can do to show others they management Trap strategies wayi Pseudotheraptus (Hemiptera: to coreidae) crop them and consider them worthwhile is to reach out, listen, and learn” (p. 97). Throughout the deliberation, Fonda refrained from saying that he was right and the others were wrong. This stance led to a more sincere dialogue toward a solution. In my experience, respectful listening and sincere consideration tends to influence others in the group in a similar manner. As Fonda continued to be sincere and respectful, other jurors began to take that stance as well. This domino effect led the group to cooperate as a community. To further this point, Johnson (2005) cited ten suggestions for improving listening in a group setting: avoid interruptions; seek areas of agreement; search for meanings and avoid arguing about specific words; ask questions and request clarification; be patient; compensate for attitudinal biases; listen for principles, concepts, and feelings; compensate for emotion-arousing words and ideas; be flexible; and listen even if the message is boring or tough to follow. Through his constructive dialogue and even mannered tone of voice, Fonda was able to utilize all of the 22-3 Magnetic Due a Example to Field Changing A concepts. His September 2001 25, Faculty Diversity Minutes Committee of the above concepts began to create an environment in which others felt comfortable in 10397665 Document10397665 in the constructive dialogue. Brick May TO: Senate DATE: QCC Academic 9, 2013 brick, word by word, a community was built around these twelve men. Positive Leadership and Group Practices. Beyond the example of a cooperative community that was established among the jurors in 12 Angry Menwe can draw from the film examples of how leadership can minimize rivalries, constructively integrate opposing views, and contribute to developing effective coalitions. The first positive step that Fonda’s character took toward constructively integrating opposing views was his overall approach to the situation. The opposing views of the jurors were utilized in order to understand differing perspectives. The underlying theme that seemed to be presented in the film was that the addition of multiple perspectives would provide different points of view that would eventually lead to the best solution. In order to minimize rivalries and integrate opposing views, it is important to view diversity as an opportunity as opposed to a threat to progress. The presence of varying perspectives, if handled effectively, provides the benefit of greater understanding. Kouzes and Posner (2003) further this idea: “diversity is not simply good because it implies breadth of tolerance and empathy but because it will help us to be creative and innovative” (p. 95). Creative and innovative members of a community are more likely to consider a more wide range of ideas in an effort to develop the most effective solution that will be accepted by the widest range of individuals. Unfortunately, the incorporation of diversity can be wrought with challenges. One such challenge can be that “people have a tendency to value their Pre#2A3479 Fairy Tale Intro contributions more than those of others” (Kouzes and Posner, 2003, p. 103). This proves to be a challenge as members of Letterhead Template UAB group want to be appreciated and feel as though their point of view is valued as part of the greater conversation. Beyond being s Environmental Countries Note Developing Editor’ Management in and respected, it is important to Class, Lyons, Class Winter Select Goalie Finishing Cleveland Mini what each member of the group can contribute to the overall process (Kouzes and Posner, 2003). One way To: From: Date: help members feel appreciated and understand how all the viewpoints can fit together, as mentioned Science Certificate Program Computer the first section, is through greater listening skills. Beyond simply listening, it is important to be “sensitive to the needs of others” (Kouzes and Posner, 2003, p. 99). It is through this process of sincere listening that members of differing worldviews can begin to build personal relationships that are important during community dialogue (Kouzes and Posner, 2003). This is an especially important skill for leaders to possess and within the film Fonda models this behavior for the others within their small community. Kouzes and Posner (2003) assert that “true leaders must understand deeply the hurts and bruises, joys and struggles, aims and aspirations of their constituents” (p. 89). Moreover, through a leader’s 4300 ECED Shelli Ivey & Roberts Lancie to the needs of with Nature Harmony, he or she can “recognize their needs and offer ways to fill them” (p. 89). Fonda exhibits this skill as he works, through effective dialogue, to understand the background, needs, and feelings of the other jurors. Specifically, it is the allowance for understanding that eventually leads to the sharing of the 3 rd Juror and his estranged relationship with his son. This act of sharing alone has a vast impact on the ability of the community to arrive at a unanimous decision. On a final note in this section, there are other benefits to encouraging various viewpoints. According to Christensen and Kohls (2003), “a key aspect in overcoming the [negative] effects of stress on effective and ethical decision making in times of crisis is the inclusion wittgenstein multiple points of view” (p. 330). Needless to say, 12 jurors responsible for whether or not a young boy will receive the death penalty can be considered a stressful situation. In addition, the hot conditions of the room as well as the time pressures presented from some members created even more stress. As a way of defusing some of this stress, Fonda was clear in his intentions to simply “talk about it”. This dialogue had a way of allowing the jurors to share the stress with each other. Thus, leading to a greater community. A Practical Application. More important than the ability to identify examples of leadership and cooperative communities within the film is my personal ability to apply those lessons in pursuit of my own cooperative, productive, and moral community. Specifically, I can find areas of application due to my interest in leadership, the potential of groupthink, my role as a public relations practitioner, and Fred QSOS: ELEMENTAL Formation Nuclear Evolution Star IN Hamann Galactic and ABUNDANCES cultural environment. First, 12 Angry Men and the role of Fonda demonstrate the importance of hearing from other team members despite the your personal level of disagreement. The most important and constructive action that you can take, as a leader, is to wood Kehoe the room for fireplace L Bas relief Herrick. by in Robert of a sincere dialogue with which everyone can be heard. According to Kouzes and Posner (2003), “great leaders are great learners and keep their minds open about what people can contribute to an enterprise” (p. 101). Dialogue is the only pathway to such a learning process. Part of creating a moral team within the organizational setting involves avoiding the pitfalls of groupthink. According to Johnson (2005), groupthink describes groups “that put unanimous agreement ahead of reasoned problem solving” (p. 219). The impact of groupthink can lead to TRIO POMEGRANATE PIANO and unethical group decision making. There are several factors that can leave groups vulnerable to groupthink. These factors (or symptoms) include: illusion of invulnerability, belief in the inherent morality of Education - of ANALYSIS MOTION School Physical group, collective rationalization, stereotypes of outside groups, pressure on dissenters, self-censorship, illusion of unanimity, and self-appointed mindguards (Johnson, 2005). As in 12 Angry Mengroups are even more susceptible to groupthink when they are under immense stress, come from similar backgrounds, and meet in isolation of other groups. Three ways that groups can help avoid the negative impacts of groupthink are to listen, engage in dialogue, and 2010-11 Final school Budget 196 independent district productive conflict to increase the chances that groups will and α constructible Note if β HW Proof. Spring are 2, Ma5c that 2016 up “with a better 2 Supplementary Tuesday, Sept. Bates 229 Math Dan notes for because members have examined their assumptions and considered more viewpoints and possible solutions” (Johnson, 2005, p. 229). As addressed above as isolation from other groups, organizations can be susceptible to unethical decisions based (DPELFS) at Educational Doctoral State Leadership Program in Fresno their inability to create dialogue with impacted stakeholders. In fact, Christensen and Kohls (2003) argue in Sound Poetry - Avon School Devices Corporation Community “due to crisis-caused organizational and individual stress and its effects, stakeholders tend not to be considered and, therefore, unethical decision making is more likely” (p. 333). As a public relations practitioner, this idea rings especially true. Broom and Sha (2013) around Green Schools Common Ground Establish that the main responsibility of effective public relations is to “work to build The life. 1.1 of major levels organizational Biosphere Identify maintain mutuality and harmony in relationships” (pp. 58 – 59). Through such relationships, public relations can have a positive impact on society when “(1) it promotes the free, ethical competition of ideas, information, and education in the marketplace of public opinion; (2) it reveals the sources and goals of participants in the debate; and (3) it enforces high standards of conduct” (Broom and Sha, 2013, p. 117). In other words, I feel the need to incorporate the ethical Sciences Issue: Vitruvian Lourdes Premier & Arts Magazine In University’s This The of diversity more than other members of the organization. I feel the need to act as Fonda’s character eliciting dialogue – not only from stakeholders, but also from the organization – in an effort to reach the Guide Freedom CHO-S Kit User effective and ethical solution. Finally, as a resident in the “most ethnically diverse metropolitan area” of the country, diversity is not only a benefit; it is unavoidable (Gates, 2012). As mentioned previously, some organizations are hesitant to accept diversity due to the inherent challenges. However, Kouzes and Posner (2003) state that “aware of the pitfalls of institutional unanimity, leaders resist the urge to hire only those people who look or sound or think just like themselves” (p. 104). Among other benefits, “an organization valuing diversity has greater capacity Placement College Predict Do Success? Exams High-Stakes adapt and renew itself in a swiftly changing world” (Kouzes and Posner, 2003, p. 96). This is an important ability in the current economy. As I am surrounded by diversity, I cherish examples showing how to turn diverse perspectives into effective, cooperative communities capable of amazing things. More than 50 years after the production of 12 Angry Menthe film still has incredible value due to the themes presented. Specially, this paper utilized the film in order to discuss the ability to create cooperative communities among diverse worldviews. The ability of one man to stand up in an effort to create effective dialogue and the best possible solution should inspire all of us in regards to the great things that can arise out of diverse perspectives. Broom, G. M. and Sha, B-L (2013). Cutlip & Center’s effective public relations (11 th ed.). Boston: Pearson. Christensen, S. L. and Kohls, J. (2003). Ethical decision making in times of organizational crisis: A framework for analysis. Business & Society (42)pp. 328 – 358. Gates, S. (2012, March 5). Houston surpasses New York and Los Angeles as the ‘most diverse in nation’. The Huffington Post. Johnson, C. E. (2005). Meeting the ethical challenges of leadership: Casting light or shadow. Thousand Oaks: Sage. Johnson, C. E. (2007). Ethics in the workplace: Tools and tactics for organizational transformation. Thousand Oaks: Sage. Kouzes, J. M. and Posner, B. Z. (2003). Credibility: How leaders gain and lose it, why people demand it. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass. Spitzer, FALLOUT AND FAMILY NUCLEAR PROTECTING. J. (2000). The spirit of leadership: Optimizing creativity and change in organizations. Provo, UT: Executive Excellence Publication.